We leave some important things out of our products. With good reason.

A worker in Shanghai, China, assembles an iPhone 5c, which is free of BFRs, PVC, and other harmful toxins.

We continue to lead the industry in reducing or eliminating harmful toxic substances to keep both people and the environment healthy. We’ve removed many harmful substances from our products, and we go to great lengths to make sure they stay that way. And our suppliers must adhere to our Regulated Substances Specification, which goes beyond the minimum required by law.

No product should be hazardous to your health. Or anyone else’s.

The worst toxic offenders


Found in copper alloys used to make connectors and springs. iPhone 6, iPad Air 2, and MacBook were designed without the use of beryllium.


Present in the fluorescent lamps that once backlit Mac displays. Eliminated from our displays since 2009.


Formerly used in display glass and solder. Phased out completely from our products in 2006.


Traditionally used for clarity in glass. Our display glass has been arsenic‑free since 2008.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

Still widely used by other companies in computers, cables, and power cords. We began phasing out PVC in 1995.*

Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs)

Toxic compounds added to plastic enclosures, circuit boards, and connectors. Eliminated from our products in 2008.


Used to soften plastics in cables and power cords. We finished eliminating them from our cables and power cords in 2013.*

Our investment in green chemistry is driven by both our passion for innovation and our commitment to safety.
Art FongEnvironmental Toxicologist, Apple,at our polymer engineering lab in Cupertino, California.
A technician in our Environmental Testing Lab in Cupertino, California, ensures the safety of our products.