Safer Materials

We have two really good reasons to remove toxins from devices. People and the planet.

We’ve analysed over 10,000 parts. And that’s just the beginning.

We started our Full Material Disclosure programme to identify all the substances we use in all the parts we use. We’ve already looked at more than 10,000 individual components, and we get data on more parts every day. We assess the different chemicals in those components using 18 different criteria. This helps us understand their effect on our health and on the environment.

The worst toxins and what we’ve done about them.

After we identify toxins in our products, we reduce them, remove them, or develop new materials that are safer. These efforts also remove toxins from our manufacturing and recycling processes, which protects workers and keeps pollutants out of the land, air and water.

Found in copper alloys used to make connectors and springs. All new products are designed without the use of beryllium.
Eliminated in 2009. We use energy-efficient, mercury-free LEDs instead of mercury-based fluorescent lamps in all our displays.
We completely phased lead out of our display glass and solder in 2006.
Traditionally used in glass. Our display glass has been arsenic-free since 2008.
PVC and phthalates
Both are still used by other companies in power leads and headphone cables. We have replaced PVC and phthalates with thermoplastic elastomers.*
Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs)
Eliminated from thousands of parts such as enclosures, circuit boards and connectors in 2008. We use safer metal hydroxides and phosphorus compounds in their place.

We double-check our work.

The standards we set for our suppliers go far beyond what’s required by law. Our toxicologists rigorously analyse the safety of materials our suppliers use by looking at data from our own Environmental Testing Lab. The lab runs tests such as inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, and ion or gas chromatography.

We can do a lot. But we can’t do it alone.

We want insights and ideas from those who share our commitment to removing toxins. So we formed our own Green Chemistry Advisory Board, made up of some of the world’s leading toxicologists, researchers and academics. The board helps us identify innovative ways to minimise or eliminate toxins from our supply chain. We also invite experts from around the world to meet with leaders at Apple. Together, we focus on eliminating toxins at each stage of our process. And we seek out the best ideas and insights from top NGOs to help us make our products and processes even safer.