Does the cable work with USB 3.0 ports, and if not, how can I get it to sync to my laptop?

I have an iPhone 5s and an Alienware laptop, and they have been syncing together for a while now, but suddenly its not working. I did lots of things and my computer keeps saying that it can't read my iPhone because it needs a USB 2.0 port? I looked into this and it has never been a problem before today, and I don't know how to fix it. I have tried several different cables and none of them work. How do I fix this/ can I fix this?

Lightning to USB Cable (1 m)

Lightning to USB Cable (1 m)

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