Making without taking sounds impossible. But it’s our goal.

We want to one day manufacture products without mining any new materials from the earth. To reach this bold goal, Apple is constantly inventing more efficient ways to recycle materials back into our devices. We’re also replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy. And we’re going further to reduce our impact by using substances that are safe for people and the environment. It’s a big challenge. But we know we can make the best products in the world while leaving the planet better than we found it.

100% All of Apple’s offices, retail locations and data centres run on 100 per cent renewable energy.

We’ve eliminated harmful chemicals like mercury, brominated flame retardants, PVC, phthalates and beryllium from our products.1

400K More than 400,000 hectares of forest in China is now under improved management due to Apple’s efforts.

Climate Change

Taking big steps towards a smaller carbon footprint.

To take on climate change, Apple has reduced its comprehensive carbon footprint by 35 per cent since 2015. That takes into account hundreds of suppliers and millions of our customers’ devices. All our facilities worldwide now run on 100 per cent renewable energy. And we’re helping others do the same, by finding ways to bring renewable energy to emerging markets and working with local utilities to make renewable energy available to all.

  • Powering all our facilities with 100 per cent renewable energy.

    All of Apple’s offices, retail locations and data centres in 43 countries run on renewable energy. Most of that energy comes from our own projects. When we need more, we buy renewable energy from nearby markets or local utility companies. Since 2011, this has reduced our carbon emissions from operations by 64 per cent — even though Apple’s energy use has grown by over three times.

  • Leading suppliers to switch to renewable energy.

    Almost half of Apple’s carbon footprint is from the electricity used in manufacturing. That’s why it’s crucial for our partners to transition to renewable energy. Our suppliers have committed to generating more than 4 gigawatts of clean energy by 2020 — nearly one-third of the electricity used to make our products in 2018. And we recently teamed up with several of our partners to launch the China Clean Energy Fund, which is investing nearly US$300 million to develop renewable energy projects.

    See our 35-plus partners committed to 100 per cent renewable energy for Apple production (PDF)

  • Designing our products to use less energy.

    Since 2008, the average energy consumed by Apple products has decreased by 70 per cent. The 11-inch iPad Pro is 69 per cent more efficient than the ENERGY STAR requirement.2 MacBook Air with Retina display consumes three times less power in sleep mode than the first generation. And an innovative new power supply design allows iMac Pro to consume 40 per cent less energy in sleep mode and when turned off.3 Multiply these savings by all the Apple devices in the world, and you can imagine the difference it makes.

  • Climate Change Highlights

    35% Apple’s entire carbon footprint has shrunk by 35 per cent since 2015.
    600K By helping suppliers switch to clean energy, we save the same amount of emissions as the electricity powering 600,000 homes would generate.4
    70% The average energy used by Apple products has been reduced by 70 per cent since 2008.


Putting the planet’s limited materials to good use. And reuse.

Some of the most innovative thinking at Apple goes towards building products with recycled and renewable materials, making sure those products last as long as possible and recovering everything we can from them when they reach the end. By keeping materials in circulation, we get closer to ending our reliance on mining. And when we waste nothing, that will truly be something.

  • High-impact materials are our highest priority.

    Apple uses many materials. To determine which to tackle first, we created Material Impact Profiles. They break down the environmental, social and global supply impacts of each material. As a result, we’re prioritising cobalt, tungsten, rare earth elements, tantalum, steel, copper, tin, glass, plastics, zinc, lithium, paper, gold and aluminium. In 2019, these efforts will prevent Apple from mining more than 900,000 tonnes of aluminium-bearing bauxite (pictured above).

  • Recovering more materials more effectively.

    There are lots of materials in our old devices that could be used in new ones, but recovering them is hard to do efficiently. So Apple created Daisy, a disassembly robot that quickly and skilfully recovers iPhone materials that other recyclers can’t, like tungsten and rare earth elements. The more materials we recover, the more we can reuse and recycle — including aluminium used in MacBook Air.

  • Innovating ways to use recovered and renewable materials.

    Sometimes recovered scrap just isn’t good enough to meet our product standards. So we invent new methods to solve the problem. Like developing a custom-made aluminium alloy for the enclosures of MacBook Air and Mac mini that’s 100 per cent recycled but doesn’t compromise quality. And finding a way to use 100 per cent recycled tin in the solder of the main logic boards of our devices.

  • Resources Highlights

    100% All the wood fibre in Apple packaging is from recycled or renewable sources.

Smarter Chemistry

A product is only as safe as what it’s made of.

Materials are what make products faster, tougher and more beautiful. But they’re not all created equal. That’s why Apple does industry-leading work to ensure that the substances making up those materials are safe for the people who use our products, for the people who build them and for our planet.

  • We’re exhaustively mapping the materials in our products.

    Evaluating everything that goes into our products is an enormous task. It starts by creating an extensive inventory of the substances used to manufacture them. That means looking at not just our suppliers, but their suppliers too. We’re working closely with our partners to construct a detailed map of the chemicals that make up our materials.

  • We evaluate chemicals for risks to your health, and the planet’s.

    Apple’s Regulated Substances Specification is a comprehensive list of restricted chemicals that goes far beyond government requirements. To keep those chemicals out of our products, the Environmental Testing Lab was created. Apple’s board-certified toxicologists use the lab to thoroughly assess our materials for harmful compounds. We even manufactured artificial sweat to simulate the interaction between your skin and materials that touch it.

  • Inventing ways to replace bad substances with good ones.

    If there’s a potentially harmful substance in an Apple product, we formulate a way to remove it, reduce it or replace it with something safer. We removed PVC and phthalates from all our power cords, headphones and cables.5 Innovations in Apple Watch limit exposure to nickel, a metal that can cause allergic reactions. And we worked with suppliers at final assembly facilities to help them transition to safer cleaners and degreasers.

  • Smarter Chemistry Highlights

    75% Apple has analysed the composition of tens of thousands of components and more than 75 per cent of the total mass of new iPhone, iPad and Mac devices for harmful chemicals. And we’re not done yet.

Your product’s environmental report card.

Each device is measured by its impact on our carbon footprint and how environmentally friendly — and safe — its materials are.

2019 Progress Report

In our current report, you’ll find more detailed information about our efforts, how we measure the overall effect we have on the environment, and the progress we’ve made over the past year.

View the 2019 Environmental Responsibility Report (PDF)

Additional Reports and Resources

Supplier Responsibility

We hold ourselves and our supply chain partners to the highest standards for labour and human rights protections; health, safety and environmental practices; and responsible sourcing of materials.

Visit the Supplier Responsibility site

Smarter Chemistry

Apple has a rigorous program to ensure the safety of chemicals used in our products. Learn about Apple’s strict standards, diligent toxicological assessments and methodology for assessing chemicals of concern.

Read the Regulated Substances Specification (PDF)

Read our white paper on Integrating Toxicological Assessments in Material Selection for Apple Products (PDF)

Read our Protocol for Prioritising Chemicals of Concern in the Electronics Industry (PDF)

Frequently Asked Questions

Find out the answers to common questions about Apple and the environment.

Read the FAQ