Climate Change How can we lead the fight against climate change?

We mapped our carbon footprint, and we’re working to eliminate it.

When we measure our carbon footprint, we include hundreds of suppliers, millions of customers, and hundreds of millions of devices. And we’re always looking for ways to make the biggest difference in five major areas: manufacturing, product use, facilities, transportation and recycling.

To reduce our carbon footprint, we design each generation of our products to be as energy efficient as possible. We’re sourcing lower-carbon materials to make our devices, we’re partnering with suppliers to add clean energy to their facilities, and we produce and procure clean, renewable energy for 96 per cent of the electricity used at our global facilities.

Our comprehensive 2016 carbon footprint

29,500,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions
77% Manufacturing
17% Product Usage
4% Transportation
1% Facilities
1% Recycling

Manufacturing a smaller footprint.

Manufacturing makes up 77 per cent of our carbon footprint. Most of it is due to carbon emissions from the electricity used to make our products. So we’re sourcing lower-carbon materials, partnering with suppliers to reduce their current energy use and helping them switch to renewable energy. We believe that together we can transform the manufacturing process to dramatically reduce emissions.

Top contributors to our manufacturing carbon footprint

  • 35% Integrated Circuits
  • 29% Aluminium
  • 13% Boards and Flexes
  • 5% Display
  • 4% Glass

We’re helping our suppliers switch to renewable energy.

Since the electricity used to process raw materials, make parts and assemble our products is the largest contributor to our overall carbon footprint, we’re helping our suppliers reduce the amount of energy they use. We’re also investing in renewable energy projects to address upstream emissions that are beyond the influence of our direct suppliers. To date, we’ve installed 485 megawatts of wind and solar projects across six provinces of China. Using these projects as a model, our direct suppliers are developing their own renewable energy projects, many of which are already under way. It’s all part of the clean energy programme we launched in 2015.

As part of our clean energy programme, Apple and our suppliers will generate and procure more than 4 gigawatts of new clean power worldwide by 2020, including 2 gigawatts in China alone, and use it to reduce emissions associated with manufacturing. Already, commitments made as of April 2017 represent a total of 2 gigawatts. Once completed, the 4 gigawatts of clean power will represent 30 per cent of our current manufacturing carbon footprint. Because it can be difficult for suppliers to access clean energy, we also launched the Clean Energy Portal. It offers regional guidance and tools for procuring clean energy and is available in the languages spoken where the majority of our manufacturing takes place — including Mandarin, Japanese and Korean.

Our direct partners are already making a big difference. Ibiden, which produces integrated circuit packaging substrates, has committed to generating renewable energy equivalent to the energy it uses to make Apple products by the end of 2018. Ibiden will be our first supplier in Japan to make the switch. Its floatovoltaic project will be one of the largest floating solar projects in the country. Other partners across our supply chain are installing or investing in sizeable solar projects, running their factories on 100 per cent wind power and purchasing clean energy from reputable utility programmes.

Partners Committed to 100 Per Cent Renewable Energy for Apple Production by 2018

  • Biel Crystal Manufactory Ltd
  • Catcher Technology
  • Compal Electronics
  • Ibiden
  • Lens Technology
  • Solvay Specialty Polymers
  • Sunwoda Electronics

Lowering carbon emissions by focusing on aluminium.

We sell millions of phones. So making even small adjustments to the production of iPhone can have a powerful impact on our carbon footprint — for instance, we changed how we make the aluminium enclosure. We prioritised aluminium that was smelted using hydroelectricity rather than fossil fuels. And we re-engineered our manufacturing process to reincorporate the scrap aluminium. As a result, the greenhouse gas emissions associated with manufacturing the enclosure of iPhone 7 are 17 per cent less than for iPhone 6s and 60 per cent less than for iPhone 6. Applying the same approach to the 13-inch MacBook Pro with Touch Bar resulted in 48 per cent less greenhouse gas emissions associated with the aluminium enclosure compared to that of the previous-generation MacBook Pro.

Our goal is to power our facilities worldwide with 100 per cent renewable energy.

In 2016, 96 per cent of the electricity we used at our corporate facilities came from clean, renewable sources. That number now factors in the footprints of not only our offices, retail stores and the data centres we run ourselves, but also our product distribution centres and leased, co-located data centres. These efforts have lowered emissions from our facilities to 1 per cent of our comprehensive carbon footprint. But our goal is to make them entirely renewable. We’ve already reached that goal in every single Apple-operated data centre and across all our facilities in 24 countries — including the United States, the UK, China and Australia.

We’re building the greenest corporate headquarters on the planet.

Apple Park in Cupertino is on track to be the largest Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Platinum-certified office building in North America — and that includes facilities dedicated to energy-intensive research and development. It’s powered by 100 per cent renewable energy, 75 per cent of which is generated onsite by a 17-megawatt rooftop solar installation and 4 megawatts of baseload biogas fuel cells. Any additional energy required is drawn from the California Flats Solar Project in nearby Monterey County. When the building has less use — at weekends, for example — it will actually generate renewable energy that’s delivered to Pacific Gas and Electric for use in the public grid.

Over 80 per cent of the new campus is open space, with more than 9,000 drought-tolerant trees. Most of them are oaks, and many are shade and fruit trees. We also reclaimed old-growth oak trees from California landscapes where they would otherwise have been destroyed. To conserve water, the new campus uses 75 per cent recycled non-potable water to care for its dense forest and to run other onsite facilities where fresh water isn’t required.

Producing renewable energy to meet our own needs.

To power all our corporate offices, retail stores and data centres worldwide using only renewable energy, we’ll need to produce a lot of it ourselves. So we’re developing our own solar, fuel cell, water and wind projects. For example, we connected 40 megawatts of new solar energy to China’s national grid, producing more than enough electricity for all our corporate offices and retail stores in China. Since 2011, these projects have reduced the emissions from our offices, data centres and retail stores worldwide by 60 per cent and prevented more than 1.6 million tonnes of CO2e from entering the atmosphere. In 2016 alone, they reduced CO2e emissions by nearly 585,000 tonnes. Without renewable energy, these emissions would have more than tripled since 2011. We’ve also issued a $1.5 billion green bond, which is dedicated to financing environmental projects, including renewable energy initiatives at our facilities around the world.

We take responsibility for every watt of power you use on your device.

The energy it takes to run your device during its expected lifespan is added to our carbon footprint. That includes the energy it takes to charge your device, which often comes from carbon-intensive sources such as coal or natural gas. So we’re always developing new ways to make our products as efficient as possible. For example, macOS puts storage media to sleep and runs processors in an ultra-low power mode when you’re not hard at work. And when you are, it uses less energy for apps that are open but not visible, and pauses animated website plug-ins until you give the OK. It can even idle the processor to its lowest power state between keystrokes and while the display is on. These energy savings might seem tiny, but when multiplied by every Apple computer in the world, they’re huge.

iMessage, FaceTime and Siri run on 100 per cent renewable energy.

Every time you send an iMessage, make a FaceTime call, ask Siri a question, download a song or share a photo, it takes energy. We’re proud to say that all those tasks are handled by Apple data servers running on 100 per cent renewable energy. All told, in 2015 our data centres avoided 187,000 tonnes of CO2e emissions. And in 2016, that number grew to more than 330,000 tonnes. When we need additional capacity, we work with third-party data centres. Even though we don’t own these co-located facilities, and share them with other companies, we still include them in our renewable energy goals. So we’re working with these providers to get them to 100 per cent renewable energy too. And we’re proud that in 2016, more than 99 per cent of their electricity came from renewable sources.

Since 2008, we’ve reduced the average energy consumed by Apple products by 70 per cent.1

MacBook Pro consumes 15 per cent less energy than the previous MacBook Pro models. iMac consumes 97 per cent less energy in sleep mode than the first generation. Mac mini consumes 40 per cent less power when idle than the previous generation. And you can charge your iPhone 7 once a day for a year for only 61 cents. These advancements are bringing down our overall carbon footprint and your electricity bill at the same time.